Calluses happen from pressure being applied on skin, and then dead skin layers gather to create a hard shield. This happens in part due to the body defending the skin from high amounts of friction. This pressure, as you can imagine, happens in great frequency on the heel as it bears the body’s weight as we walk. The causes of friction on the feet are shoes that can cause unequal amounts of high pressure on specific areas of the feet, especially high heeled shoes. Other causes include obesity and malformations.
Bearing in mind that this condition can happen easily, those who have diabetes can be susceptible to a foot infection since when calluses are cut and bleed, the opening in the skin invites pathogenic causing infections.
Treatment for calluses include:
- Utilizing footwear that has plenty of soft material and large toe areas.
- Reducing the dead layers of skin with a pumice stone to help remove calluses and to alleviate pain if present.
- Placing shoe inserts that can help with abnormal foot structures that are causing the feet to rub against the inside of shoes.
- Surgical procedures that can help reduce deformities in the foot that increase the amount of pressure the foot receives during movement so that the skin is not disturbed to the point where this condition occurs.
- Antibiotics to treat infections caused by this condition.
Calluses can be painless and disappear on their own. However, they can become oversized or infected and cause significant pain. To combat complications from this condition, please contact us for the treatment your foot may require. Here at Benenati Foot & Ankle Care Centers, located in Saint Clair Shores (586) 779-6140, Warren (586) 756-3338 and Macomb (586) 416-3668., MI, our team of foot doctors, Anthony Benenati, DPM, Neil Shaw, DPM, Julie Mrozek, DPM and Adam Thompson, DPM, will examine your calluses and determine the best mode of management to eliminate them from your feet. Call our office at any of the numbers provided above today and stop by our Patient Education library for greater insight into this and other foot and ankle conditions.